Indian states ranking by fertility rate

Updated: 2015-10-30T07:24Z
Total fertility rate map of India, showing distribution of average births per woman by its states and union territories, as of 2012.[1]

This is a list of the states of India ranked in order of number of children born for each woman. Based on this study, the following Indian states, if they continue their current trends of fertility rate or lower them further, will stop contributing to population growth in India in the future: Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Punjab, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, and Sikkim.

All the four southern Indian states – Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka – as well as Goa, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Sikkim, and Tripura, and the union territories of Delhi, Lakshadweep, Daman and Diu, Andaman and Nicobar, and Chandigarh, registered a low fertility rate below the crucial 2.1. These states accounted for 50.4% of India's population in 2011.

This information was compiled from Chapter 3, ESTIMATES OF FERTILITY INDICATORS from the SRS Report (2013) released by the Census Commission of India. The detailed survey can be viewed at the following website [1]

RankStateFertility rate 2013Fertility rate 2010Change ('10-'13)Fertility rate 2004Change ('04-'13)Comparable Country/Region
1West Bengal1.61.8-0.22.2-0.6Russia
2Himachal Pradesh1.71.8-0.12.1-0.4Denmark
2Tamil Nadu1.
6Andhra Pradesh1.
9Karnataka1.92.0-0.12.3-0.4United States
9Jammu and Kashmir1.92.0-0.12.4-0.5United States
13Gujarat2.32.5-0.22.8-0.5Sri Lanka
17Madhya Pradesh2.93.2-0.33.7-0.8Haiti
19Uttar Pradesh3.13.5-0.44.4-1.3Philippines

Country comparisons use data from the Population Reference Bureau.[2]


Google Chart TFR vs Area vs Population



  1. ^ Table in Chapter 3 Vital Statistics of India, Estimates of Fertility Indicators, Census of India, Government of India (2013), page 48
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